All posts by shaikhafeez

Theoretical Reflection


 This is my first time doing a blog and hence there are many aspects to be looked into. I have looked into the aspects of background, document design,textual balance, layout readability and audience.

Background

background-5-pointFor the background of my blog, I decided to pick a vibrant background to attract theattention of the reader.  However,  most of the body would be white as I do not want a background that is too colourful that may draw attention away from the main subject itself or worst still turn off the reader.

Document design

zig zagI have designed the blog with the objective of having plenty of whitespace for the eye to rest, and the mind to grasp what had been written.I have used black Garamond font which makes for easy reading. The words appear balanced and not fanciful. I have also chosen to placed my pictures and words in a zig zag manner. The simple reason being, the reader’s eyes would be forced to read the words that is beside the picture rather than skim through straight  from top to bottom. I have tried sourcing on the internet if there is a particular theory/studies on this but to no avail(I might decide to write something on this for my further studies on the subject matter). However, Idecided to use the scheme of placing the words and pictures in a zig zag manner.

Pictures

jocondeI have included pictures to help the reader understand the point that I am driving at. The pictures helps in livening up the blogs and create the idea in the mind of the reader.

Audience

I do not have a specific target audience as the weblogs contain general information on issues in Publication and Design. However, I believe it might prove useful to those interested in the subjects or future media students doing a similar projects.

Similar blogs which I have found to be of good quality.

  1. http://guanmyipdassignment.blogspot.sg
  2. http://zakwan880.blogspot.sg/2012/03/screen-vs-print-media-design.html

Conclusion

It has been a wonderful experience for me learning on the subject matter of design and publication. The project had made me do research and in the process learn many new things which can be applied in future work or studies.  Lastly, I would like to thank Miss Jenny for the help she rendered in guiding me through the course and the opportunity to learn.

(To those who is reading this blog for inspiration for your similar assignment. Please take note that the alignment of pictures and words on preview function on WordPress and the published items might not be same. And hence, please check and edit your work before submission)

Image source

  1. http://philforhowell.blogspot.sg/2012/06/michigans-new-fireworks-law.html
  2. http://www.hdwallpapers3d.com/wp-content/uploads/2013/04/background-5-point.jpg
  3. http://www.zigzagtheplains.com
  4. http://www.ibiblio.org/wm/paint/auth/vinci/joconde/
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Issues in Publication and Design Weblog 6

The Internet Citizen Journalism.

What is meant by internet citizen journalism?
Internet journalism means online reporting by average citizen on occurrences happening around them.

stomp1 The website STOMP, is the most popular website in Singapore which pays citizens for their news. And as a result, Stomp always carries updated sensational news from the heartlands of Singapore. It should noted a huge portion of the news reported here are not reported on main steam media in Singapore.

Nadine Jurrat of Open Society Foundation highlighted citizen journalism and its usefulness. She highlighted that in some repressive parts of the world, which is inaccessible to journalist, citizen journalism have flourished and this has helped the society concerned at large. (http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/reports/mapping-digital-media-citizen-journalism-and-internet last accessed 25/05/2013) However, she also highlights that some might feel that citizen journalism might erode the professional status of journalism.

Arab Spring

arab 01Online reporting has seen the Arab spring takes place in a few countries. Citizen journalism via social networking sites have supplied the most graphic images of the crackdowns on protesters, broadcasted messages from hospitals looking for blood, rallied demonstrators and provided international dial-up numbers for those whose internet has been blocked. (http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/feb/25/twitter-facebook-uprisings-arab-libya last accessed 25/05/2013)

Syrian War

syria 01

I would quote the example of the ongoing Syrian civil war whereby there is great reliance on citizen journalism. This reliance has given rise to citizen journalists reporting from the ground on the ongoing war between the country’s pro- and anti-government forces. Many have been detained, tortured, and even killed while trying to tell the story to the world. The latest casualty is a 14-year-old boy who was killed while covering clashes between the government and rebel forces.

Conclusion

With this, it can deduce that citizen journalism is not about to end but to grow in more ways than one can imagine. There would be issues pertaining to ingenuity and legal boundaries, but these are challenges for authoritarians who are against the free flow of information to manage. Lastly, the rise of citizen journalism has given concern to many as they are mostly written by amateur writers which any fact checking and  naming sources plus opinionated with defamatory statements. It can therefore be concluded that citizen journalism must not be taken at face value and research must be done before they are given any credibility.

How does it relate to my course goals?

The area of journalism has always fascinated me. I do hope that I would be able to contribute to this field in future especially if deployed in countries where the media is restricted by the government.

Useful links on citizen journalism:

  1. http://mashable.com/category/citizen-journalism/
  2. http://www.nbcnews.com/id/6639760/
  3. http://www.nieman.harvard.edu/reportsitem.aspx?id=100542
  4. http://www.uncp.edu/home/acurtis/Courses/ResourcesForCourses/Journalism/CitizenJournalism.html
  5. http://www.mediabistro.com/10000words/problemwithcitizenjournalism_b19463
  6. http://www.pbs.org/idealab/2013/05/can-citizen-journalism-move-beyond-crisis-reporting127.html

References

  1. Nadine Jurrat. (2011). Mapping Digital Media: Citizen Journalism and the Internet. Available: http://www.opensocietyfoundations.org/reports/mapping-digital-media-citizen-journalism-and-internet. Last accessed 25/05/2013.
  2. Rami Alhames . (2013). 14-year-old Citizen Journalist Killed Covering Clashes in Syria. Available: http://globalvoicesonline.org/2013/05/22/teen-citizen-journalist-killed-in-syria/. Last accessed 22/05/2013.
  3. Peter Beaumont. (2011). The truth about Twitter, Facebook and the uprisings in the Arab world. Available: http://www.guardian.co.uk/world/2011/feb/25/twitter-facebook-uprisings-arab-libya. Last accessed 25/05/2013.

Image source

  1. http://singaporeseen.stomp.com.sg/singaporeseen/
  2. http://www.nowtheendbegins.com/blog/?p=7419
  3. http://www.alarabiya.net/articles/2012/10/02/241485.html

Issues in Publication and Design Weblog 5

Traditional Print Media Vs. New Media

Image 

What is New Media?

new media

n.

developing usu. electronic forms of media regarded as being experimental.

Taken from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/New+media

New Media is what many of us use every day, as soon as we log onto the Internet via the PC or smartphones. It is digital and allows for unlimited numbers of people to communicate with unlimited numbers of Net users. This is what makes New Media so powerful, and more importantly – it expands your reach as a business owner to the world, and allows other people to become “fellow marketers” through social networking tools. Its use and possibilities are infinite. A good example of New Media is Facebook in which it allows a business to interact and network with its users and gather feedback.

What is Traditional print Media?

print Media – a medium that disseminates printed matter

Taken from http://www.thefreedictionary.com/New+media

Traditional print Media refers to newspaper, magazine, brochure and written articles. Traditional print Media is limited in which one person or entity can communicate or extend his message. For example, an advertisement campaign in a magazine can be sent by a business and will be seen by thousands of people. However, it does not allow interactive communication and is one sided. This factor proves to be the biggest drawback of traditional print Media.

 Image

The table above indicates the rising number of Internet users globally. It is this trend that has contributed to its popularity of New Media.

PEW

The figures above show the declining revenue of the Newspapers from advertising in US. The figures suggest that newspapers are losing their foothold as a mean of advertising as New Media takes center-stage enabling seamless communication with consumers.

The PEW research center noted a 30% decline in paid circulation from 1990 to 2010( http://stateofthemedia.org/2012/newspapers-building-digital-revenues-proves-painfully-slow/newspapers-by-the-numbers/ last accessed 02/06./2013). It is sufficed from the findings to conclude that newspapers are slowly becoming passé.

Conclusion

With this, it is sufficient to say that New Media is the way forward, and Traditional print media companies would have to evolve and take their business online. This is pretty evident from the success of  newspaper group such as Singapore Press Holdings which has taken part of its business online and this move has shown positive result in ther revenue(http://www.kbridge.org/newspaper-groups-find-success-in-moving-their-classified-business-online/ last accessed 02/06/2013).

How does this relate to my course goals?

The figures that were found above shows the importance of New Media and the need to master the tools involved  in usage of New Media ( use of blog, use of internet marketing tools etc ) if I were to embark on a career in Publication and Design upon graduation.

Useful links:

  1. http://www.stlbiztech.com/new-media-vs-traditional-media/
  2. http://stateofthemedia.org
  3. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/news/old-media-vs-new-media
  4. http://www.aibd.org.my/node/1226
  5. http://www.sagepub.com/edwards/study/materials/reference/77593_10.1ref.pdf
  6. http://www.unesco.org/new/fileadmin/MULTIMEDIA/HQ/CI/CI/pdf/news/56_traditional_media.pdf

References

  1. Peter Ong, . (2013). Newspaper groups find success in moving their classified business online. Available: http://www.kbridge.org/newspaper-groups-find-success-in-moving-their-classified-business-online/. Last accessed 02/06/2013.

  2. Rick Edmonds , Emily Guskin, Tom Rosenstiel and Amy Mitchell. (2012). Newspapers: By the Numbers. Available: http://stateofthemedia.org/2012/newspapers-building-digital-revenues-proves-painfully-slow/newspapers-by-the-numbers/. Last accessed 02/06/2013.

Image Source:

  1. http://www.internetworldstats.com/stats.htm
  1. http://stateofthemedia.org/2012/newspapers-building-digital-revenues-proves-painfully-slow/newspapers-by-the-numbers/
  1. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/New+media
  1. http://www.broutinwebpublishing.com/articles-we-write/print-vs-digital-the-major-differences

Issues in Publication and Design Weblog 4

Plagiarism

Every now and then, in our course of studies we hear the word “plagiarism” being used. What is plagiarism and how does it occurs? Lastly, how do we prevent it?

What is Plagiarism?
thiefPlagiarism as defined by the university of South Australia is
‘a specific form and serious act of misconduct. It is the use of another person’s words or ideas as if they were one’s own. It may occur as a result of lack of understanding and/or inexperience about the correct way to acknowledge and reference sources. It may result from poor academic practice, which may include poor note taking, careless downloading of material or failure to take sufficient care in meeting the required standards. It may also occur as a deliberate misuse of the work of others with the intent to deceive.’
(Taken from http://w3.unisa.edu.au/researchstudents/milestones/plagiarism.asp last accessed 25/05/2013)

Forms of plagiarism

There are many forms of plagiarism but let’s look some of the commonly found types of plagiarism

1.  submitting another author’s original work without any alteration as one’s own.

2.Writing a  piece of work that contains significant portions of text from a single source without any alterations.

3. Changing some words and phrases but retaining the  main content of the source.

4. Paraphrasing from a few sources and making the content fit together seamlessly.

5. The act of borrowing generously from the person’s own previous work without any reference to the earlier article of reference.

6. 
A written piece with inaccurate citation or non existent sources.

prevent plagiarism

With the list, above it is fairly understood how plagiarism occurs intentionally and unwittingly. Therefore it is important for the writer to cite a source properly according to the Harvard or APA referencing properly. There are many electronic tools available on the web for this purpose.

How does this apply my course goals?

Any of form of plagiarism found in any submitted assignment would prove to be disastrous for me. I can be taken to task and placed under disciplinary proceeding. In real life, I can be subject to criminal proceeding by the parties concerned which might come with a hefty consequence and hence the importance of the subject.

Useful link for tools on referencing

  1. http://www.harvardgenerator.com
  2. http://www.neilstoolbox.com

Link on plagiarism

  1. http://plagiarism.org/plagiarism-101/what-is-plagiarism

Link on how to avoid plagiarism

  1. http://isites.harvard.edu/icb/icb.do?keyword=k70847&pageid=icb.page342057
  2. http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/QPA_plagiarism.html
  3. https://library.csusm.edu/plagiarism/howtoavoid/how_avoid_paraphrase.htm

Reference

  1. N.A.. (N.A.). Academic regulations for Higher Degrees by Research.Available: http://w3.unisa.edu.au/policies/policies/resrch/res10-regs.asp#14.2. Last accessed 25/05/2013.

Image source

  1. http://www.scribendi.com/advice/plagiarism_and_repercussions.en.html
  2. http://ii.library.jhu.edu/2012/11/05/teaching-your-students-to-avoid-plagiarism/

Issues in Publication and Design Weblog 3

Editing

sergei-eisenstein-editing-film-october
Editing. It is one word that evokes a whole plethora of meaning. It seems to be endless work and hours spent on the PC. However, What does it means to edit? Let’s look at its meaning as defined in the freedictionary.com

ed·it  (dt)tr.v. ed·it·ed, ed·it·ing, ed·its1.a. To prepare (written material) for publication or presentation, as by correcting, revising, or adapting.b. To prepare an edition of for publication: edit a collection of short stories.c. To modify or adapt so as to make suitable or acceptable: edited her remarks for presentation to a younger audience.2. To supervise the publication of (a newspaper or magazine, for example).3. To assemble the components of (a film or soundtrack, for example), as by cutting and splicing.4. To eliminate; delete: edited the best scene out.

n.

An act or instance of editing: made several last-minute edits for reasons of space.

I believe the meaning is clearly explained for all to understand. It is a  universal word that caters to all medium of media. Lastly, how important is editing?

editorIn revision, an author must know when to remove extraneous details and when to add more information or new focal points, which will help, hold the article in good stead and maintain attention of the reader. One must take note that Editing, proofreading and quality control are the backbone of any publication project and it is of paramount importance to have the processes in place before the publication of the material in any media(http://www.leapfrogit.com/book-and-magazine-publishing.html last accessed 25/05/2013)

How does it relate to my course goals?

diamond In my opinion, an edited work is likened to a polished diamond. It is valuable, pleasant to eye and captures the attention of the media target. And hence, editing is a process that is to be done diligently to the best of one’s ability.

Useful links on Editing

  1. http://www.slideshare.net/tanbold/the-importance-of-editing-proofreading-15262474
  2. http://www.authoright.com/authonomy-author-advice/importance-of-editing-authonomy
  3. http://www.novelpublicity.com/2011/03/the-importance-of-editing-6-tips-to-help-make-the-most-of-your-manuscript/
  4. http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2012/jun/14/importance-good-book-editing
  5. http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0697353672/student_view0/chapter1/editing_exercises.html
  6. http://www.dailywritingtips.com/exercise-your-editing-with-this-exercise/

References

  1. Alix J. Shutello. (N.A.). Book and Magazine Publishing – The importance of editing and editorial quality control. Available: http://www.leapfrogit.com/book-and-magazine-publishing.html. Last accessed 25/05/2013.

Image Source

  1. http://hollywoodreinvented.com/2011/07/becoming-a-professional-film-video-editor/
  2. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/edit
  3. http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2012/09/hiring-in-the-digital-age/262652/

Issues in Publication and Design Weblog 2

Writing to communicate

How important is writing to communicate in publications?

In my opinion, it makes or breaks the article. In writing, publications, we use rhetorical persuasions on the readers on our opinions and facts garnered towards a common goal. Is there any thing more than just the 5Ws (Who, What, Why, Where, Whom) and 1H (How). How should we structure our thoughts so as to create interest and influence? Is there a winning formula to follow?

Image

The inverted pyramid writing above is a formula, which is used to great success in writing articles and magazine features. It helps the reader filter important information from less important ones. Next, we shall look at the difference between written speech and spoken speech.

How different is written speech to spoken speech?

ImageOne might wonder on the difference of written speech to spoken speech. Aren’t they the same? Or how are they different? I would quote Putnis, Peter and Petelin, Roslyn (1996 pg. 236) who quoted Vygotsky  ‘written speech is a separate linguistic function, differing from oral speech in both structure and mode of functioning’.

In this quote, it can be understood that there is difference between written language and spoken language.  I believe this website http://www.omniglot.com/writing/writingvspeech.htm best explains the difference in greater clarity and objectiveness.

How it relates to my course goals?

The use of good language is synonymous with good writing and the hallmark of a good piece of article. The writer must be able to fulfill the characteristics of good writing in which the written language used must be concise, clear and accurate.

Useful Links:

  1. http://www2.wmin.ac.uk/eic/learning-skills/literacy/sp_vs_writ_dif.shtml
  2. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/357972?uid=3738992&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21102255830821
  3. http://www.linguisticsociety.org/content/whats-difference-between-speech-and-writing
  4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2748615/
  5. https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/speech/differences.htm
  6. http://www.pearsonlongman.com/dictionaries/pdfs/Speaking-Writing-Crystal.pdf

References

  1. Putnis, Peter and Petelin, Roslyn (1996). Professional communication: principles and applications. Sydney: Prentice Hall. Pg. 226.

Image source

  1.  http://www.winthrop.edu/web/default.aspx?id=25133
  2. http://mass.pakgalaxy.com/differences-between-spoken-and-written-language-2.html

Issues in Publication and Design Weblog 1

Communication

I am currently pursuing my B(A) in Communications and Management at UniSA. The series of 06 weblogs and 01 theoretical reflection is part of my project for this subject ( Issues in Publication and Design). Please view and comment on the issues that I post. Thank you.

Weblog 1: The importance of document design.balance

For my first post, I would like to look at design principles. Let’s look at balance. And balance  here refers to having comparable visual “weight” on both sides of a page or on opposing pages in a longer document (Reep, Diana C pg. 135).

The Triptych                                                                                                                           

the triptych
I would quote the example of using The triptych, which serves as an easy guide for new writers to follow as they embark on their writing journey. It is simple, easy and effective enabling the write to achieve balance in his writing.

 

                                                                                                                         Visual Balance

Visual balance in simpler perspective comes from simply placing elements on the page in proportion and order (headings, pictures information, whitespbookace, indentation, margin and fonts) so that no one section is heavier than the other.  The arrangement should achieve a balance that it is pleasing to the eye, makes for easy reading and retain the attention of the reader.The example as seen above best describes balance with its interplay of words, pictures and usage of colors, which was spread across the page.

                  

                                                                                                                                     Imbalanced Page

impactful posterHowever, an imbalanced page can be used if its means is to create an impact on the reader. The example above, best highlights the use of an imbalanced page to create impact. This however, should be done with great care, as it might prove disastrous if it does not achieve the desired impact and reader gets turns off.

 How does this relates to my course goals?

To sum up, I would quote Colin Wheildon (1990) “Design is not or should not be, mere decoration and abstractions but part of the business of communication (Pg6)”.

**********************************

Useful links

  1. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/727/19/
  2. http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/documentdesign1e/default.asp?s=&n=&i=&v=&o=&ns=0&uid=0&rau=0
  3. http://www.microsoft.com/atwork/skills/documents.aspx#fbid=VIeuSqxMFTG
  4. http://www.aph.org/edresearch/lpguide.htm
  5. https://www.blackbaud.com/files/support/guides/pe/pedocdsn.pdf
  6. http://www.wisc-online.com/objects/ViewObject.aspx?ID=TRG3203

References

  1. Colin Wheildon (1990). Communicating or just making pretty shapes: a study of the validity — or otherwise — of some elements of typographic design. 3rd ed. North Sydney: Newspaper Advertising Bureau of Australia. P 6.
  2. Kress, Gunther and van Leeuwen, Theo (1998) Approaches to media discourse, Oxford: Blackwell, Pg. 198.
  3. Reep, Diana C. (2006.). Technical writing. 6th Ed. New York: Pearson/Longman. Pg135.

Image source

  1.  http://comicsbeat.com/wpcontent/uploads/2013/03/IMG_4712.jpg
  2.  http://magpile.com/reviews/2012-11-12/the-simple-things-dec-12/
  3.  http://desktoppub.about.com/od/designprinciples/tp/Principles_of_Design.htm
  4. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_ls3hJfXcqaY/TNK1R1cW5GI/AAAAAAAAADs/VU7spHVhrYw/s1600/EMG+Seminars+page+1.jpg
  5. Kress, Gunther and van Leeuwen, Theo (1998) Approaches to media discourse, Oxford: Blackwell, Pg. 198.