Monthly Archives: May 2013

Issues in Publication and Design Weblog 4

Plagiarism

Every now and then, in our course of studies we hear the word “plagiarism” being used. What is plagiarism and how does it occurs? Lastly, how do we prevent it?

What is Plagiarism?
thiefPlagiarism as defined by the university of South Australia is
‘a specific form and serious act of misconduct. It is the use of another person’s words or ideas as if they were one’s own. It may occur as a result of lack of understanding and/or inexperience about the correct way to acknowledge and reference sources. It may result from poor academic practice, which may include poor note taking, careless downloading of material or failure to take sufficient care in meeting the required standards. It may also occur as a deliberate misuse of the work of others with the intent to deceive.’
(Taken from http://w3.unisa.edu.au/researchstudents/milestones/plagiarism.asp last accessed 25/05/2013)

Forms of plagiarism

There are many forms of plagiarism but let’s look some of the commonly found types of plagiarism

1.  submitting another author’s original work without any alteration as one’s own.

2.Writing a  piece of work that contains significant portions of text from a single source without any alterations.

3. Changing some words and phrases but retaining the  main content of the source.

4. Paraphrasing from a few sources and making the content fit together seamlessly.

5. The act of borrowing generously from the person’s own previous work without any reference to the earlier article of reference.

6. 
A written piece with inaccurate citation or non existent sources.

prevent plagiarism

With the list, above it is fairly understood how plagiarism occurs intentionally and unwittingly. Therefore it is important for the writer to cite a source properly according to the Harvard or APA referencing properly. There are many electronic tools available on the web for this purpose.

How does this apply my course goals?

Any of form of plagiarism found in any submitted assignment would prove to be disastrous for me. I can be taken to task and placed under disciplinary proceeding. In real life, I can be subject to criminal proceeding by the parties concerned which might come with a hefty consequence and hence the importance of the subject.

Useful link for tools on referencing

  1. http://www.harvardgenerator.com
  2. http://www.neilstoolbox.com

Link on plagiarism

  1. http://plagiarism.org/plagiarism-101/what-is-plagiarism

Link on how to avoid plagiarism

  1. http://isites.harvard.edu/icb/icb.do?keyword=k70847&pageid=icb.page342057
  2. http://writing.wisc.edu/Handbook/QPA_plagiarism.html
  3. https://library.csusm.edu/plagiarism/howtoavoid/how_avoid_paraphrase.htm

Reference

  1. N.A.. (N.A.). Academic regulations for Higher Degrees by Research.Available: http://w3.unisa.edu.au/policies/policies/resrch/res10-regs.asp#14.2. Last accessed 25/05/2013.

Image source

  1. http://www.scribendi.com/advice/plagiarism_and_repercussions.en.html
  2. http://ii.library.jhu.edu/2012/11/05/teaching-your-students-to-avoid-plagiarism/
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Issues in Publication and Design Weblog 3

Editing

sergei-eisenstein-editing-film-october
Editing. It is one word that evokes a whole plethora of meaning. It seems to be endless work and hours spent on the PC. However, What does it means to edit? Let’s look at its meaning as defined in the freedictionary.com

ed·it  (dt)tr.v. ed·it·ed, ed·it·ing, ed·its1.a. To prepare (written material) for publication or presentation, as by correcting, revising, or adapting.b. To prepare an edition of for publication: edit a collection of short stories.c. To modify or adapt so as to make suitable or acceptable: edited her remarks for presentation to a younger audience.2. To supervise the publication of (a newspaper or magazine, for example).3. To assemble the components of (a film or soundtrack, for example), as by cutting and splicing.4. To eliminate; delete: edited the best scene out.

n.

An act or instance of editing: made several last-minute edits for reasons of space.

I believe the meaning is clearly explained for all to understand. It is a  universal word that caters to all medium of media. Lastly, how important is editing?

editorIn revision, an author must know when to remove extraneous details and when to add more information or new focal points, which will help, hold the article in good stead and maintain attention of the reader. One must take note that Editing, proofreading and quality control are the backbone of any publication project and it is of paramount importance to have the processes in place before the publication of the material in any media(http://www.leapfrogit.com/book-and-magazine-publishing.html last accessed 25/05/2013)

How does it relate to my course goals?

diamond In my opinion, an edited work is likened to a polished diamond. It is valuable, pleasant to eye and captures the attention of the media target. And hence, editing is a process that is to be done diligently to the best of one’s ability.

Useful links on Editing

  1. http://www.slideshare.net/tanbold/the-importance-of-editing-proofreading-15262474
  2. http://www.authoright.com/authonomy-author-advice/importance-of-editing-authonomy
  3. http://www.novelpublicity.com/2011/03/the-importance-of-editing-6-tips-to-help-make-the-most-of-your-manuscript/
  4. http://www.guardian.co.uk/books/2012/jun/14/importance-good-book-editing
  5. http://highered.mcgraw-hill.com/sites/0697353672/student_view0/chapter1/editing_exercises.html
  6. http://www.dailywritingtips.com/exercise-your-editing-with-this-exercise/

References

  1. Alix J. Shutello. (N.A.). Book and Magazine Publishing – The importance of editing and editorial quality control. Available: http://www.leapfrogit.com/book-and-magazine-publishing.html. Last accessed 25/05/2013.

Image Source

  1. http://hollywoodreinvented.com/2011/07/becoming-a-professional-film-video-editor/
  2. http://www.thefreedictionary.com/edit
  3. http://www.theatlantic.com/technology/archive/2012/09/hiring-in-the-digital-age/262652/

Issues in Publication and Design Weblog 2

Writing to communicate

How important is writing to communicate in publications?

In my opinion, it makes or breaks the article. In writing, publications, we use rhetorical persuasions on the readers on our opinions and facts garnered towards a common goal. Is there any thing more than just the 5Ws (Who, What, Why, Where, Whom) and 1H (How). How should we structure our thoughts so as to create interest and influence? Is there a winning formula to follow?

Image

The inverted pyramid writing above is a formula, which is used to great success in writing articles and magazine features. It helps the reader filter important information from less important ones. Next, we shall look at the difference between written speech and spoken speech.

How different is written speech to spoken speech?

ImageOne might wonder on the difference of written speech to spoken speech. Aren’t they the same? Or how are they different? I would quote Putnis, Peter and Petelin, Roslyn (1996 pg. 236) who quoted Vygotsky  ‘written speech is a separate linguistic function, differing from oral speech in both structure and mode of functioning’.

In this quote, it can be understood that there is difference between written language and spoken language.  I believe this website http://www.omniglot.com/writing/writingvspeech.htm best explains the difference in greater clarity and objectiveness.

How it relates to my course goals?

The use of good language is synonymous with good writing and the hallmark of a good piece of article. The writer must be able to fulfill the characteristics of good writing in which the written language used must be concise, clear and accurate.

Useful Links:

  1. http://www2.wmin.ac.uk/eic/learning-skills/literacy/sp_vs_writ_dif.shtml
  2. http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/357972?uid=3738992&uid=2129&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&sid=21102255830821
  3. http://www.linguisticsociety.org/content/whats-difference-between-speech-and-writing
  4. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2748615/
  5. https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/speech/differences.htm
  6. http://www.pearsonlongman.com/dictionaries/pdfs/Speaking-Writing-Crystal.pdf

References

  1. Putnis, Peter and Petelin, Roslyn (1996). Professional communication: principles and applications. Sydney: Prentice Hall. Pg. 226.

Image source

  1.  http://www.winthrop.edu/web/default.aspx?id=25133
  2. http://mass.pakgalaxy.com/differences-between-spoken-and-written-language-2.html

Issues in Publication and Design Weblog 1

Communication

I am currently pursuing my B(A) in Communications and Management at UniSA. The series of 06 weblogs and 01 theoretical reflection is part of my project for this subject ( Issues in Publication and Design). Please view and comment on the issues that I post. Thank you.

Weblog 1: The importance of document design.balance

For my first post, I would like to look at design principles. Let’s look at balance. And balance  here refers to having comparable visual “weight” on both sides of a page or on opposing pages in a longer document (Reep, Diana C pg. 135).

The Triptych                                                                                                                           

the triptych
I would quote the example of using The triptych, which serves as an easy guide for new writers to follow as they embark on their writing journey. It is simple, easy and effective enabling the write to achieve balance in his writing.

 

                                                                                                                         Visual Balance

Visual balance in simpler perspective comes from simply placing elements on the page in proportion and order (headings, pictures information, whitespbookace, indentation, margin and fonts) so that no one section is heavier than the other.  The arrangement should achieve a balance that it is pleasing to the eye, makes for easy reading and retain the attention of the reader.The example as seen above best describes balance with its interplay of words, pictures and usage of colors, which was spread across the page.

                  

                                                                                                                                     Imbalanced Page

impactful posterHowever, an imbalanced page can be used if its means is to create an impact on the reader. The example above, best highlights the use of an imbalanced page to create impact. This however, should be done with great care, as it might prove disastrous if it does not achieve the desired impact and reader gets turns off.

 How does this relates to my course goals?

To sum up, I would quote Colin Wheildon (1990) “Design is not or should not be, mere decoration and abstractions but part of the business of communication (Pg6)”.

**********************************

Useful links

  1. http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/727/19/
  2. http://bcs.bedfordstmartins.com/documentdesign1e/default.asp?s=&n=&i=&v=&o=&ns=0&uid=0&rau=0
  3. http://www.microsoft.com/atwork/skills/documents.aspx#fbid=VIeuSqxMFTG
  4. http://www.aph.org/edresearch/lpguide.htm
  5. https://www.blackbaud.com/files/support/guides/pe/pedocdsn.pdf
  6. http://www.wisc-online.com/objects/ViewObject.aspx?ID=TRG3203

References

  1. Colin Wheildon (1990). Communicating or just making pretty shapes: a study of the validity — or otherwise — of some elements of typographic design. 3rd ed. North Sydney: Newspaper Advertising Bureau of Australia. P 6.
  2. Kress, Gunther and van Leeuwen, Theo (1998) Approaches to media discourse, Oxford: Blackwell, Pg. 198.
  3. Reep, Diana C. (2006.). Technical writing. 6th Ed. New York: Pearson/Longman. Pg135.

Image source

  1.  http://comicsbeat.com/wpcontent/uploads/2013/03/IMG_4712.jpg
  2.  http://magpile.com/reviews/2012-11-12/the-simple-things-dec-12/
  3.  http://desktoppub.about.com/od/designprinciples/tp/Principles_of_Design.htm
  4. http://2.bp.blogspot.com/_ls3hJfXcqaY/TNK1R1cW5GI/AAAAAAAAADs/VU7spHVhrYw/s1600/EMG+Seminars+page+1.jpg
  5. Kress, Gunther and van Leeuwen, Theo (1998) Approaches to media discourse, Oxford: Blackwell, Pg. 198.